John Osborne Literarisches Schaffen
John James Osborne war ein britischer Dramatiker. John James Osborne (* Dezember in London, England; † Dezember in Shropshire, England) war ein britischer Dramatiker. Jon Osborne (* September in Cincinnati, Ohio) ist ein US-amerikanischer Journalist und Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Leben; 2 Werke; 3 Weblinks. JOHN OSBORNE wurde in London, Chelsea, geboren und wuchs in ärmlichen Verhältnissen auf. Mit 12 verlor er seinen Vater, der an Tuberkulose starb. Hier finden Sie alle News und Hintergrund-Informationen von ZEIT ONLINE zu John Osborne.
John James Osborne (* Dezember in London, England; † Dezember in Shropshire, England) war ein britischer Dramatiker. JOHN OSBORNE wurde in London, Chelsea, geboren und wuchs in ärmlichen Verhältnissen auf. Mit 12 verlor er seinen Vater, der an Tuberkulose starb. LOOK BACK IN ANGER by John Osborne. " modern British theatre has an actual birthday; by virtually universal consent, it is regarded as the first performance.
John James Osborne 12 December — 24 December was an English playwright , screenwriter and actor, known for his excoriating prose and intense critical stance towards established social and political norms.
The success of his play Look Back in Anger transformed English theatre. In a productive life of more than 40 years, Osborne explored many themes and genres, writing for stage, film and TV.
His personal life was extravagant and iconoclastic. Osborne was one of the first writers to address Britain's purpose in the post-imperial age.
Osborne was born on 12 December  in London , the son of Thomas Godfrey Osborne, a commercial artist and advertising copywriter of South Welsh extraction, and Nellie Beatrice Grove, a Cockney barmaid.
In the family moved to the north Surrey suburb of Stoneleigh , near Ewell , in search of a better life, though Osborne would regard it as a cultural desert — a schoolfriend declared subsequently that "he thought [we] were a lot of dull, uninteresting people, and probably a lot of us were.
He was right. Thomas Osborne died in , leaving the young boy an insurance settlement which he used to finance a private education at Belmont College , a minor public school in Devon.
A School Certificate was the only formal qualification he acquired, but he possessed a native intelligence.
After school, Osborne went home to his mother in London and briefly tried trade journalism. A job tutoring a touring company of junior actors introduced him to the theatre.
He soon became involved as a stage manager and acting, joining Anthony Creighton 's provincial touring company.
In June he also married Pamela Lane. Personal Enemy was staged in regional theatres before he submitted Look Back in Anger. Written in 17 days in a deck chair on Morecambe pier where Osborne was performing in a creaky rep show called Seagulls over Sorrento , Look Back in Anger was largely autobiographical,  based on his time living, and arguing, with Pamela Lane in cramped accommodation in Derby while she cuckolded him with a local dentist.
In his autobiography, Osborne writes: "The speed with which it had been returned was not surprising, but its aggressive dispatch did give me a kind of relief.
It was like being grasped at the upper arm by a testy policeman and told to move on". Formed by actor-manager and artistic director George Devine , the company had seen its first three productions flop and urgently needed a success if it was to survive.
Devine was prepared to gamble on this play because he saw in it a ferocious and scowling articulation of a new post-war spirit.
Osborne was living on a leaky houseboat on the River Thames at the time with Creighton, stewing up nettles from the riverbank to eat.
So keen was Devine to contact Osborne that he rowed out to the boat to tell him he would like to make the play the fourth production to enter repertory.
George Fearon, a part-time press officer at the theatre, invented the phrase " angry young man ". He told Osborne that he disliked the play and feared it would be impossible to market.
In , a year before his death, Osborne wrote that the opening night was "an occasion I only partly remember, but certainly with more accuracy than those who subsequently claimed to have been present and, if they are to be believed, would have filled the theatre several times over".
Reviews were mixed. Most of the critics who attended the first night felt it was a failure, and it looked as if the English Stage Company was going to go into liquidation.
But the following Sunday, Kenneth Tynan of The Observer — the most influential critic of the day — praised it to the skies: "I could not love anyone who did not wish to see Look Back in Anger ", he wrote, "It is the best young play of its decade".
During production the married Osborne began a relationship with Mary Ure, and would divorce his wife, Pamela Lane, to marry Ure in The play became an enormous commercial success, transferring to the West End and Broadway ,and touring to Moscow.
The play turned Osborne from a struggling playwright into a wealthy and famous angry young man and won him the Evening Standard Drama Award as the most promising playwright of When he first saw Look Back in Anger , Laurence Olivier was dismissive, viewing the play as unpatriotic and bad theatre, "a travesty on England".
Olivier asked the American dramatist what plays he might want to see in London. Based on its title, Miller suggested Osborne's work; Olivier tried to dissuade him, but the playwright was insistent and the two of them saw it together.
Miller found the play revelatory, and they went backstage to meet Osborne. Olivier was impressed by the American's reaction, and asked Osborne for a part in his next play.
John Heilpern suggests the great actor's about-face was due to a midlife crisis, Olivier seeking a new challenge after decades of success in Shakespeare and other classics, and fearful of losing his pre-eminence to this new kind of theatre.
George Devine , artistic director of the Royal Court, sent Olivier the incomplete script of The Entertainer , film version released in and Olivier initially wanted to play Billy Rice, the lead character's decent elderly father.
On seeing the finished script, he changed his mind and took the central role as failing music-hall performer Archie Rice, playing to great acclaim both at the Royal Court and then in the West End.
The Entertainer uses the metaphor of the dying music hall tradition and its eclipse by early rock and roll to comment on the moribund state of the British Empire and its eclipse by the power of the United States , something flagrantly revealed during the Suez Crisis of November that elliptically forms the backdrop to the play.
An experimental piece, The Entertainer was interspersed with music hall performances. Most critics praised the development of an exciting writing talent:.
A real pro is a real man, all he needs is an old backcloth behind him and he can hold them on his own for half an hour.
He's like the general run of people, only he's a lot more like them than they are themselves, if you understand me. The words are Billy Rice's, though as with much of Osborne's work they could be said to represent his own sentiments, as with this quote from Look Back in Anger :.
Oh, heavens, how I long for a little ordinary human enthusiasm. Just enthusiasm—that's all. I want to hear a warm, thrilling voice cry out 'Hallelujah!
I'm alive! Luther , depicting the life of Martin Luther , the archetypal rebel of an earlier century, was first performed in ; it transferred to Broadway and won Osborne a Tony Award.
Inadmissible Evidence was first performed in In between these plays, Osborne won an Oscar for his screenplay adaptation of Tom Jones.
A Patriot for Me drawing on the Austrian Redl case, is a tale of turn-of-the-century homosexuality and espionage which helped to end along with Saved by Edward Bond the system of theatrical censorship under the Lord Chamberlain.
The latter play features three showbiz couples in a hotel suite, having fled a tyrannical and unpleasant movie producer, referred to as "K.
Laurie, a screenwriter, a role created by Paul Scofield , is a self-portrait: Osborne at mid-career. During that decade Osborne made his best-remembered acting appearance, lending gangster Cyril Kinnear a sense of civil menace in Get Carter Throughout the s Osborne played in his real life the role of Shropshire squire with great pleasure and a heavy dose of irony.
It was nominated for the Prix Italia. At his memorial service in , a playwright of the next generation, David Hare , said:. It is, if you like, the final irony that John's governing love was for a country which is, to say the least, distrustful of those who seem to be both clever and passionate.
There is in English public life an implicit assumption that the head and the heart are in some sort of opposition. If someone is clever, they get labelled cold.
If they are emotional, they get labelled stupid. Nothing bewilders the English more than someone who exhibits great feeling and great intelligence.
When, as in John's case, a person is abundant in both, the English response is to take in the washing and bolt the back door.
Various newspaper and magazine writings appeared in a collection entitled Damn You, England , while the two volumes of autobiography were reissued as Looking Back — Never Explain, Never Apologise Osborne was a great fan of Max Miller  and saw parallels between them.
Whenever anyone tells me that a scene or a line in a play of mine goes too far in some way then I know my instinct has been functioning as it should.
When such people tell you that a particular passage makes the audience uneasy or restless, then they seem to me as cautious and absurd as landladies and girls-who-won't.
Osborne's work transformed British theatre. He saw theatre as a weapon with which ordinary people could break down the class barriers and that he had a 'beholden duty to kick against the pricks'.
He wanted his plays to be a reminder of real pleasures and real pains. David Hare said in his memorial address:. John Osborne devoted his life to trying to forge some sort of connection between the acuteness of his mind and the extraordinary power of his heart.
Do you have a demo reel? Add it to your IMDbPage. How Much Have You Seen? How much of John Osborne's work have you seen?
Won 1 Oscar. Known For. Tom Jones Writer. Get Carter Cyril Kinnear. The Entertainer Writer. Flash Gordon Arborian Priest.
TV Movie written by. Edward Manners. Werner Roger. Harry Steadman. He hated it and left after striking the headmaster.
He went home to his mother in London and briefly tried trade journalism until a job tutoring a touring company of juvenile actors introduced him to the theatre.
He was soon acting himself, later becoming an actor-manager for various repertory companies in provincial towns and also trying his hand at playwriting.
Osborne made his first appearance as a London actor in , the same year that Look Back in Anger was produced by the English Stage Company.
Although the form of the play was not revolutionary, its content was unexpected. On stage for the first time were the to year-olds of Great Britain who had not participated in World War II and found its aftermath shabby and lacking in promise.
The hero, Jimmy Porter, although the son of a worker, has, through the state educational system, reached an uncomfortably marginal position on the border of the middle class from which he can see the traditional possessors of privilege holding the better jobs and threatening his upward climb.
Jimmy Porter continues to work in a street-market and vents his rage on his middle-class wife and her middle-class friend.
His two Plays for England include The Blood of the Bambergs, a satire on royalty, and Under Plain Cover, a study of an incestuous couple playing games of dominance and submission.
West of Suez revealed a measure of sympathy for a type of British colonizer whose day has waned and antipathy for his ideological opponents, who are made to appear confused and neurotic.
In it he attacks the mediocrity of lower-middle-class English life personified by his mother, whom he hated, and discusses his volatile temperament.
The second part of his autobiography appeared in under the title Almost a Gentleman.
Latere stukken zijn een aaneenrijging van successen Luther , dat Martin Luther portretteert als rebel en flops. Wel ontving hij in nog een Oscar voor zijn scenario Tom Jones , naar de roman van Henry Fielding.
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How Much Have You Seen? How much of John Osborne's work have you seen? Won 1 Oscar. Known For. Daar stichtte ze haar eigen platenlabel Womanly Hips.
Bij dit label bracht ze enkele singles uit voordat ze zich inschreef bij Mercury Records. Haar tweede en eerste vermeldenswaardige album is Relish , dat uitgegeven werd in Het album werd vooral een succes door de single One of us , die in veel landen een groot succes werd.
One of us klinkt meer als popmuziek dan de rest van het album, dat vooral bluesmuziek bevat. Na het grote succes van One of us bracht Osborne nog een paar andere singles uit, zoals Right hand man en St.
Haar derde studioalbum, Righteous love , werd uitgebracht in Commercieel succes bleef echter uit. Joan Osborne zong in de film Standing in the shadows of Motown uit de oude Motown -hit What becomes of the brokenhearted en toerde daarop aansluitend met The Funk Brothers.